The 29th October is Republic Day here in Turkey and this year was the 90th Anniversary. On this day in 1923 Turkey became a Republic after its victory in the War of Independence 1919 to 1923. A new constitution was adopted by Parliament to replace the previous one of the Ottoman Empire. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became Turkey's first president on this day also. So the two main symbols to commemorate this day are the Turkish Flag and pictures of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.